Describing wine colour by grape variety and the Nose of a Wine

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How to describe wine colour - Colours of wine (assuming limited ageing)

From Green to Black across the grape spectrum:

  • Greyish Yellow - Pinot Grigio
  • Greenish Yellow - Sauvignon Blanc 
  • Pale Yellow - Colombard
  • Greeny Yellow - Riesling and Gewürztraminer 
  • Light gold Yellow- Chenin Blanc
  • Golden Yellow - Viognier, Chardonnay, Sémillon
  • Gold - Sweet Dessert wines
  • Browny Yellow - Mature white Burgundy
  • Amber -Tokaji Sweet wines
  • Brown - Marsala
  • Salmon -rosé wines
  • Raspberry - Grenache, white Zinfandel
  • Copper - Aged Grenache
  • Brick red - Aged Pinot Noir and Bordeaux Blends
  • Ruby - Young Pinot Noir, Tempranillo
  • Garnet - Nebbiolo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
  • Cherry - Sangiovese, Zinfandel
  • Purple - Barbera, Amarone
  • Purple Black - Syrah, Aged Port

Primary aromas by grape

  • Sauvignon Blanc – grapefruit, lemon, honeydew
  • Chardonnay – green or yellow apples, pineapple, lemon
  • Riesling – peach, apricot, mango
  • Pinot Noir – black cherry, raspberry, orange
  • Cabernet Sauvignon – blueberry, cassis, blackberry
  • Syrah – blackberry, red plum, blackcurrant

Secondary grape aromas (developed by maturing)

  • Sauvignon Blanc – smoke, vanilla, yogurt
  • Chardonnay – toasted hazelnuts, vanilla, butter
  • Riesling – clove, nutmeg, lees
  • Pinot Noir – vanilla, smoke, coca-cola
  • Cabernet – Coffee, oak, caramel
  • Syrah – Cedar, grilled meat, smoke

Tertiary aromas (extended ageing)

  • Sauvignon Blanc – herbal, stone, lemongrass
  • Chardonnay – chalk, white flowers, earth
  • Riesling – crushed slate, orange blossom, onion
  • Pinot Noir – spice box, mushroom, wet dirt
  • Cabernet – tobacco, truffle, violets
  • Syrah – forest floor, lavender, black pepper